The Kalinga War was arguably the most important battle to be fought in ancient India. As the rock edict of Emperor Asoka states, "In the great battle of Kalinga, 150,000 people were thence taken captive, and 100,000 were killed. After the taking of Kalinga, Devanampriya, the Beloved of the Gods, began to follow Dharma, to love Dharma, to give instructions in Dharma. For the Beloved of the Gods considers the greatest of victories to be the victory of Dharma".

The Kalinga Conference consists of: